Constitution-Making in Turkey

Constitution-Making in Turkey – the Presidentialism debate in the Parliament and in the CRC through the lens of the media between 2011 and 2013

by Gözde Böcü (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin); Mercator Research Fellow

Turkey is in need of a new constitution and undertook efforts to rewrite the constitution between 2011 and 2013, after a two-year period of negotiation the parliamentary Constitutional Reconciliation Committee (CRC) failed to serve its purpose. One of the most debated aspects was the possible introduction of the Presidential system. This paper discusses the controversy in the Parliament and the CRC through the lens of Turkish columnists and answers the question as to how the media framed the Presidentialism debate during the constitution-making process. Through the method of content analysis, it provides a detailed analysis of columns and numerous news articles published in Turkey’s biggest six newspapers between 2011 and 2013. Furthermore it gives an insight into the function of the media during the constitution-making-process and reviews the independence of Turkish journalism under the AKP-government.

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